The effectiveness of psychodrama therapy on quality of life, social adjustment, and hopefulness in patients with diabetes mellitus

Student, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Ahvaz Science and Research Branch AND Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Humanities, Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz, Iran

Endocrinologist, Diabetes Research Center, Health Research Institute, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran


Abstract

(QOL), hopefulness, and social adjustment in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The study population consisted of patients with DM referred to clinics and medical center in Ahvaz, Iran.

Methods: DM can result in many psychological and physical dilemmas. Diabetic patients may suffer heart disorders, weakness, chronic kidney damage, myocardial infarction, loss of appetite, muscle spasm, excessive fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment with delirium and occasional illusions.

Results: The subjects were 24 individuals from the mentioned community selected through‎ convenience sampling method (12 people in the experimental group and 12 people in the control group). This semi-experimental research was conducted with pretest, posttest, and follow-up and a control group. For data gathering, the 40-item Miller Hope Scale (MHS) (1991), Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report (SAS–SR) (1989), and Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI‎) were use. The experimental group received psychodrama intervention in
8 sessions (120 minutes). Data analysis was performed using multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance in SPSS software.

Conclusion: The results of data analysis showed that psychodrama enhanced QOL and social adjustment in patients with DM.

Keywords


  • Psychodrama
  • Quality of life
  • Hopefulness
  • Social adjustment
  • Diabetes mellitus

Full Text


References


Afzali Gorouh, S. (2011). Comparison and investigation of the relationship between quality of life and job satisfaction on 51 male teachers in Qom and their wives by controlling the age and marriage duration [MSc Thesis]. Ahvaz, Iran: Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz.

Askian, P., Bagher Sanaei, Z., & Navaei Nezhad, S. (2008). The effect of psychodrama on increasing individual's differentiation from the main family in high school female students in the 5th district of Tehran. Counseling Research & Developments, 7(25), 27-42.

Benzein, E. G., & Berg, A. C. (2005). The level of and relation between hope, hopelessness and fatigue in patients and family members in palliative care. Palliative Medicine, 19(3), 234-240.

Blatner, A. (1996). Acting-In: Practical applications of psychodramatic methods. New York, NY: Springer.

Curtis, A. J. (2017). Health psychology. Trans. Mohammadi, S. (pp. 103-105). Tehran, Iran: Virayesh Publications.

Dadsetan, P. (2007). Criminal psychology (5th ed.). Tehran, Iran: SAMT Publications.

Gram, K., & Dehghan, O. (2015). Effectiveness of psychodrama approach on increasing the quality of life of female labors. Proceedings of International Conference on Management and Humanities; 2015 Nov. 30; Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

Hosein, S. M. (2009). Relationship of life expectancy and psychological hardiness in students. Thought and Behavior in Clinical Psychology, 3(12), 57-65.

Johari Fard, R. (2013). Psychotherapy techniques. Ahvaz, Iran: Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University.

Joharifard, R. (2011). Introduction to psychsomatic medicine. Ahvaz, Iran: Ahvaz Branch, Islamic Azad University.

Keshmiri, A. (2018). Social adjustment: The most important index of mental health. Retrieved from: URL: http://alikeshmiri.net/fa/news/28/. Accessed April, 2018.

Khodayari Fard, M., Hejazi, E., & Hoseininezhad, N. (2015). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment consultation (ACT) on self-efficacy and marital satisfaction substance using married women with children. Applied Psychological Research, 6(2), 61-75.

Michael, S. R. (1996). Integrating chronic illness into one's life: a phenomenological inquiry. J Holist.Nurs, 14(3), 251-267. doi:10.1177/089801019601400307 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:8900617

Molavi, P., Mikaeili, N., Rahimi, N., & Mehri, S. (2014). The effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy based on reducing anxiety and depression in students with social phobia. J Ardebil Univ Med Sci, 14(4), 412-423.

Saadatijoo S. Rezvani M, Tabiei S, Ayoudi D. (2012). Life quality comparison in type 2 diabetic patients and none diabetic persons. Modern Care, 9(1), 24-31.

Sadegh, N. (2011). A study of feasibility, reliability, validity and softness of Hopefulness Inventory and the relationship between hopefulness and happiness in college students. [MSc Thesis]. Tehran, Iran: Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University.

Sardaripour, M. (2008). The effect of psychodrama implementation on rate of chronic schizophrenia patients self-confidence [MSc Thesis]. Tehran, Iran: University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences.

Sharp, L.,& Curran,L.(2006). Understanding the process of adjustment to illness. Social Science and Medicine,62,1153-1166.

Shokoohi-Yekta, M., Akbari Zardkhaneh, S., Alawinezhad, S., & Sajjadi Anari S. (2016). Effects of psycho-social skills training on vocational and psychological stress in bus drivers. Journal of Applied Psycology Research, 7(1), 101-114.

Snyder, C. R. (2000). Handbook of hope: Theory, measures, and applications. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Zare Bahramabadi, M., Ghaderi, E., Taghvaei, D., & vafaei Baneh, F. (2018). Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral on quality of life in patients with Type II Diabetes. Iran J Diabetes Lipid Disord, 12(3), 225-232.

Zare, M., Shafiabadi, A., Pasha Sharifi, H., Navabinejad, S. (2007). The Efficacy of Rational Emotive Behavioral Group Therapy and Psychodrama in Modifying Emotional Expression Styles. Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4(13), 25-41.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/ijbmc.v5i4.138