The effectiveness of psychodrama therapy on quality of life, social adjustment, and hopefulness in patients with diabetes mellitus
(QOL), hopefulness, and social adjustment in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM). The study population consisted of patients with DM referred to clinics and medical center in Ahvaz, Iran.
Methods: DM can result in many psychological and physical dilemmas. Diabetic patients may suffer heart disorders, weakness, chronic kidney damage, myocardial infarction, loss of appetite, muscle spasm, excessive fatigue, depression, and cognitive impairment with delirium and occasional illusions.
Results: The subjects were 24 individuals from the mentioned community selected through convenience sampling method (12 people in the experimental group and 12 people in the control group). This semi-experimental research was conducted with pretest, posttest, and follow-up and a control group. For data gathering, the 40-item Miller Hope Scale (MHS) (1991), Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report (SAS–SR) (1989), and Quality of Life Inventory (QOLI) were use. The experimental group received psychodrama intervention in
8 sessions (120 minutes). Data analysis was performed using multivariate and univariate analysis of covariance in SPSS software.
Conclusion: The results of data analysis showed that psychodrama enhanced QOL and social adjustment in patients with DM.
- Quality of life
- Social adjustment
- Diabetes mellitus
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