Cultural Issues in Anxiety Disorders: Some Particularities of the Iranian Culture

Psychiatrist, Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Associate Professor, Psychosomatic Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran

Associate Professor, Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran


Abstract

Anxiety disorders occur in all human societies; yet there are cross- cultural variations in the symptomatology, prevalence, the etiologically contributing bio-psycho-social factors and the social responses to the symptoms and their management. Iran has a heterogeneous population with numerous subcultures bounded closely to each other through the common history, language, Old Persian culture and the similarities in their impressing experiences as a nation. In the format of a narrative review article, here we intend to induce a minimal insight into a few areas of particularity of anxiety disorders in Iranian culture. We will focus on the examples of socio-cultural factors affecting the source of distress, help-seeking behaviors, symptom presentation and treatment of these disorders in Iran.

Keywords


  • Culture
  • Iran
  • Anxiety disorders

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