A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Climacteric Symptoms, Self-Esteem, and Quality of Life between Mosuo Women and Han Chinese Women

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Department of Medical Humanities and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

Institute of Psychology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany


Abstract

Background: The present study was designed to compare climacteric symptoms, self-esteem, and quality of life (QOL) between women from two different cultures in China (Mosuo and Han Chinese) and to evaluate the interaction among these variables. Mosuo is a small ethnic group in southwest China, which is described as a matriarchal society, while Han Chinese is the largest ethnic group with a patriarchal system.

Methods: This cross-cultural study was conducted on 54 Mosuo women and 52 Han Chinese women between 40 and 60 years of age. The subjects were selected through convenience sampling. They answered a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Menopause Rating Scale (MRS), the Self-Esteem Scale (SES), and the 12-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-12).

Results: In our sample, Mosuo women obtained lower scores on the psychological and somato-vegetative subscales of the MRS, but higher scores on SES and the mental health-related QOL (SF-12/MCS) than Han Chinese women. However, the correlation between climacteric symptoms, self-esteem, and QOL was weaker in the Mosuo group compared to the Han group. Multiple linear regressions indicated that climacteric symptoms have negatively affected women's QOL.

Conclusion: In accordance with the study hypothesis, Mosuo women showed milder symptoms, a higher self-esteem, and a better QOL compared to the Han Chinese women during the climacteric. The interaction between climacteric symptoms, psychosocial variables, and QOL revealed cultural differences.

Keywords


  • Climacteric symptoms
  • Self-esteem
  • Quality of life
  • Cross-cultural study
  • Mosuo

Full Text


References


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