Modern medicine is thought to be in a paradigmatic crisis in terms of the accelerative demographic, epidemiologic, social, and discursive aspects. The ontological, epistemological, and methodological gaps in biomedicine lead to a chaotic condition in health beliefs and behaviors. The International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture (IJBMC) is an international, peer-reviewed, interdisciplinary medical journal and a fully “online first” publication focused on interdisciplinary, cross-cultural, and conceptual research. The researches should focus on paradigmatic shift and/or humanizing medical practice. All interdisciplinary researches, such as social sciences (e.g., sociology, anthropology, and psychology), humanities (e.g., literature, religion, history, and philosophy), and arts (e.g., music and cinema), which have an impact on medical education and practice, are acceptable. The IJBMC team is based mainly in Germany and Iran, although we also have editors elsewhere in Europe and in the US.


The website is updated weekly with IJBMC’s latest theoretical and original research, case reports, education, news, and comment articles. All IJBMC research is published with open access and up to 5000 word counts. There is an exception for theoretical papers; they can exceed the word limitation of the journal. The mission of IJBMC is to lead the debate on health and to engage, inform, and stimulate doctors, researchers, and other health professionals in ways that will design more humanistic health promotion and clinical settings. We aim to help health system managers and therapists to make more integrative decisions.


We advise authors to design studies based on the appropriate guidelines. In randomized controlled trials, the CONSORT guideline, in systematic reviews and meta-analyses, the PRISMA (formally QUOROM) guideline, in studies of diagnostic accuracy, the STARD guideline, in observational studies in epidemiology, the STROBE guideline, and in meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, the MOOSE guidelineshould be used.


Researches involving human beings or animals must adhere to the principles of the Declaration of Helsinki (available from here and here )

Types of Articles

Review articles, theoretical studies, qualitative studies, quantitative studies, letter to the editor, case reports, and clinical trials can be submitted by all authors, but other types of articles can only be submitted by the journal’s editorial board.


  • Only online submission is acceptable.
  • The manuscripts should be divided into the following sections: (1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Keywords, (3) Main text (can be divided into some parts according to the type of manuscript), (4) References, and (5) Figure legends, (6) Appendices, and (7) Tables and (8) Figures (figures should be submitted in separate files) if present.
  • Please supply a word count in title page.
  • Use normal page margins (2.5 cm), and double-space throughout.
  • Prepare your manuscript text using a word processing package (save in .doc or .rtf format). Submissions of text in the form of PDF files are not permitted.


A covering letter signed by all authors should identify the corresponding author (include the address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address). Please make clear that the final manuscript has been seen and approved by all authors, and that the authors accept full responsibility for the design and conduct of the study, had access to the data, and controlled the decision to publish.


As stated in the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals, credit for authorship requires substantial contributions to:
  1. Substantial contributions to the conception or design of the work; or the acquisition, analysis, or interpretation of data for the work; AND
  2. Drafting the work or revising it critically for important intellectual content; AND
  3. Final approval of the version to be published; AND
  4. Agreement to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.
Each author must sign authorship form attesting that he or she fulfills the authorship criteria. There should be a statement in manuscript explaining contribution of each author to the work. Acknowledgments will be limited to one page of International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture space, and those acknowledged will be listed only once. Any change in authorship after submission must be approved in writing by all authors.


In appropriate places in the manuscript please provide the following items:
  • If applicable, a statement that the research protocol was approved by the relevant institutional review boards or ethics committees, and that all human participants gave written informed consent
  • The source of funding for the study
  • The identity of those who analyzed the data
  • Financial disclosure, or a statement that none is necessary


With the manuscript, provide a page giving the title of the paper; titles should be concise and descriptive (not declarative). Title page should include an abbreviated running title of 40 characters, the names of the authors, including the complete first names and no more than two graduate degrees, the name of the department and institution in which the work was done, and the institutional affiliation of each author. The name, post address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address of the corresponding author should be separately addressed. Any grant support that requires acknowledgment should be mentioned on this page. Word count of abstract and main text, and number of tables, figures, and references should be mentioned on title page. If the work was derived from a project or dissertation, its code should also be stated. Affiliation model: Academic Degree, Department, Institute, City, Country. Example: Associate Professor, Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran.


Provide, on a separate page, an abstract of no more than 250 words. This abstract should briefly describe the problem being addressed in the study, how the study was performed, the salient results, and what the authors conclude from the results, respectively. In total, 3 to 10 keywords may be included. Keywords are preferred to be in accordance with (MeSH) terms.


Authors of research articles should disclose, at the time of submission, any financial arrangement they may have with a company whose product is pertinent to the submitted manuscript or with a company making a competing product. Such information will be held in confidence while the paper is under review and will not influence the editorial decision, but if the article is accepted for publication, a disclosure will appear with the article. Because the essence of reviews and editorials is selection and interpretation of the literature, the International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture expects that authors of such articles will not have any significant financial interest in a company (or its competitor) that makes a product discussed in the article.


Submitted papers will be examined for the evidence of plagiarism using some automated plagiarism detection service. Manuscripts are examined by members of the editorial staff, and two thirds are sent to external reviewers. We encourage authors to suggest the names of possible reviewers, but we reserve the right of final selection. Communications about manuscripts will be sent after the review when the editorial decision-making process is complete. After acceptance, the editorial system makes a final language and scientific edition. No substantial change is permitted by authors after acceptance. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to answer probable questions and approve the final version.


The International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture is the owner of all copyright to any original work published by this journal. Authors agree to execute copyright transfer forms as requested with respect to their contributions accepted by the Journal. The International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture has the right to use, reproduce, transmit, derive works from, publish, and distribute the contribution in the Journal or, otherwise, in any form or medium. Authors will not use or authorize the use of the contribution without written consent by the Journal Office.


Provide double-space tables and a title for each.


Figures should be no larger than 125 (height) x 180 (width) mm (5 x 7 inches), and should be submitted in a separate file from that of the manuscript. The name of image or figure files should be the same as the order that was used in the manuscript (fig1, fig2, and etc.). Only JPEG, tif, gif, and eps image formats are acceptable with CMYK model for colored image at a resolution of at least 300 dpi. Graphs must have the minimum quality: clear text, proportionate, not 3 dimensional, and without disharmonic language. Electron photomicrographs should have internal scale markers. If photographs of patients are used, either the subjects should not be identifiable or the photographs should be accompanied by written permission to use them. Permission forms are available from the Editorial Office. Medical and scientific illustrations will be created or recreated in-house. If an outside illustrator creates the figure, the Journal of Body, Mind and Culture reserves the right to modify or redraw it to meet its specifications for publication. The author must explicitly acquire all rights to the illustration from the artist in order to publish the illustration. Legends for figures should be an editable text as caption and should not appear on the figures.


The American Psychological Association (6th ed., 2nd printing) style of referencing should be used. References must be double-spaced.

Units of Measurement

Authors should express all measurements in conventional units, with Système International (SI) units given in parentheses throughout the text. Figures and tables should use conventional units, with conversion factors given in legends or footnotes. In accordance with the Uniform Requirements; however, manuscripts containing only SI units will not be returned for that reason.


Except for units of measurement, abbreviations are discouraged. Consult the Scientific Style and Format: The CBE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (6th edition. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1994) for lists of standard abbreviations. Except for units of measurement, the first time an abbreviation appears, it should be preceded by the words for which it stands.

Drug Names

Generic names should generally be used, except for studies on comparative effects of different brands. When proprietary brands are used in research, include the brand name and the name of the manufacturer in parentheses in the Methods section.
Section A: Publication and authorship
  1. All submitted papers are subject to strict peer-review process by at least two international reviewers that are experts in the area of the particular paper. Reviewers are being selected by Associate Editors and Editor in Chief. Author also can propose reviewers for some journals and article types.
  2. The factors that are taken into account in review are relevance, originality, readability, statistical validity and language.
  3. The possible decisions include acceptance, minor revisions, major revision or rejection.
  4. If authors are encouraged to revise and resubmit a submission, there is no guarantee that the revised submission will be accepted.
  5. Rejected articles will not be re-reviewed.
  6. The paper acceptance is constrained by such legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism.
  7. No research can be included in more than one publication, whether within the same journal or in another journal.

Section B: Authors' responsibilities
  1. Authors must certify that their manuscript is their original work.
  2. Authors must certify that the manuscript has not previously been published elsewhere, or even submitted and been in reviewed in another journal.
  3. Authors must participate in the peer review process and follow the comments.
  4. Authors are obliged to provide retractions or corrections of mistakes.
  5. All Authors mentioned in the paper must have significantly contributed to the research. Level of their contribution also must be defined in the “Authors’ Contributions” section of the article.
  6. Authors must state that all data in the paper are real and authentic.
  7. Authors must notify the Editors of any conflicts of interest.
  8. Authors must identify all sources used in the creation of their manuscript.
  9. Authors must report any errors they discover in their published paper to the Editors.
  10. Authors must not use irrelevant sources that may help other researches/journals.
  11. Authors cannot withdraw their articles within the review process or after submission, or they must pay the penalty defined by the publisher.

Section C: Peer review/responsibility for the reviewers
  1. Reviewers should keep all information regarding papers confidential and treat them as privileged information.
  2. Reviews should be conducted objectively, with no personal criticism of the author. No self-knowledge of the author(s) must affect their comments and decision.
  3. Reviewers should express their views clearly with supporting arguments in 500 to 1000 words.
  4. Reviewers may identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors.
  5. Reviewers should also call to the Editor in Chief's attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.
  6. Reviewers should not review manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers.

Section D: Editorial responsibilities
  1. Editors (Associate Editors or Editor in Chief) have complete responsibility and authority to reject/accept an article.
  2. Editors are responsible for the contents and overall quality of the publication.
  3. Editors should always consider the needs of the authors and the readers when attempting to improve the publication.
  4. Editors should guarantee the quality of the papers and the integrity of the academic record.
  5. Editors should publish errata pages or make corrections when needed.
  6. Editors should have a clear picture of a research's funding sources.
  7. Editors should base their decisions solely one the papers' importance, originality, clarity and relevance to publication's scope.
  8. Editors should not reverse their decisions nor overturn the ones of previous editors without serious reason.
  9. Editors should preserve the anonymity of reviewers (in half blind peer review journals).
  10. Editors should ensure that all research material they publish conforms to international accepted ethical guidelines.
  11. Editors should only accept a paper when reasonably certain.
  12. Editors should act if they suspect misconduct, whether a paper is published or unpublished, and make all reasonable attempts to persist in obtaining a resolution to the problem.
  13. Editors should not reject papers based on suspicions; they should have proof of misconduct.
  14. Editors should not allow any conflicts of interest between staff, authors, reviewers and board members.
  15. Editors must not change their decision after submitting a decision (especially after reject or accept) unless they have a serious reason.

Section E: Publishing Ethics Issues
  1. All editorial members, reviewers and authors must confirm and obey rules defined by COPE.
  2. Corresponding author is the main owner of the article so she/he can withdraw the article when it is incomplete (before entering the review process or when a revision is asked for).
  3. Authors cannot make major changes in the article after acceptance without a serious reason.
  4. All editorial members and authors must will to publish any kind of corrections honestly and completely.
  5. Any notes of plagiarism, fraudulent data or any other kinds of fraud must be reported completely to COPE.