Investigating Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Decreasing Depression in Women Suffering from Postpartum Depression in One of Ahvaz Obstruction Offices

Department of Family Counseling, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Professor, Department of Counseling, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

Associate Professor, Department of Counseling, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Ahvaz, Iran

PhD in Psychology, Department of Psychology, Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

Assistant Professor, Department of Health Education and Promotion, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Clinical Psychologist, Kish, Iran


Abstract

Background: This study was performed to determine the effect of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on decreasing the rate of postpartum depression (PPD) in two women referred to one of the obstraction offices of Ahvaz, Iran. Two women with PPD and their husbands were selected through a clinical diagnostic interview and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) ‎and based on the study inclusion and exclusion criteria and lectures in health center in Ahvaz.

Methods: This study was a single-subject and non-congruent multiple baseline experimental study. Data analysis was conducted using visual depiction, reliable change index (RCI), and recovery percentage. In this study, two women with PPD underwent CBT and data were collected at baseline, during therapy, and at the one-month follow-up, and they completed the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13).

Results: The findings indicated 24.17% and 20.92% recovery percentage in depression in the first and second woman, respectively, as a result of CBT.

Conclusion: The results of the present research illustrate the efficacy of CBT in improving depression in women with PPD.

Keywords


  • Cognitive behavioral therapy
  • Postpartum depression
  • Women

Full Text


References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22122/ijbmc.v5i3.133