The Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Anxiety Sensitivity and Self-Efficacy in Adolescents with Leukemia in Tehran, Iran
therefore, they ought to seek solutions to reduce the severity of their emotional problems. The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety sensitivity and self-efficacy in adolescents with leukemia.
Methods: The study participants consisted of 30 individuals who were selected using convenience sampling method. The subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (15 in each group). A quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest design was utilized with a control group and follow-up period. The data collection instruments used included the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI). First, pretest was conducted in both groups. Then, the experimental group participants received the intervention in 14 sessions lasting 90 minutes, and then, posttest was performed in both groups. Moreover, one month later, the follow-up process was completed. Data analysis was performed using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).
Results: The results showed that music therapy was effective on anxiety sensitivity (P < 0.001) and self-efficacy
(P < 0.001) in adolescents with leukemia.
- Music therapy
- Anxiety sensitivity
Baker, A. W., Keshaviah, A., Goetter, E. M., Bui, E., Swee, M., Rosencrans, P. L. et al. (2017). Examining the Role of Anxiety Sensitivity in Sleep Dysfunction Across Anxiety Disorders. Behav Sleep Med, 15(3), 216-227. doi:10.1080/15402002.2015.1120202 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:26788969
Clark, K. D. (2010). The relationship of perceived stress and self -efficacy among correctional employees in close -security and medium -security -level institutions [PhD Thesis]. Minneapolis, MN: Walden University.
Elliott, M., Worrall-Carter, L., & Page, K. (2013). Factors contributing to adverse events after ICU discharge: a survey of liaison nurses. Aust.Crit.Care, 26(2), 76-80. doi:S1036-7314(12)00140-3 [pii];10.1016/j.aucc.2012.07.005 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:22948080
Espi-Lopez, G. V., Ingles, M., Ruescas-Nicolau, M. A., & Moreno-Segura, N. (2016). Effect of low-impact aerobic exercise combined with music therapy on patients with fibromyalgia. A pilot study. Complement.Ther Med, 28, 1-7. doi:S0965-2299(16)30083-8 [pii];10.1016/j.ctim.2016.07.003 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:27670863
Floyd, M., Garfield, A., & LaSota, M. T. (2005). Anxiety sensitivity and worry. Pers Individ Dif, 38(5), 1223-1229. doi:doi:10.1016/j.paid.2004.08.005. Retrieved from Elsevier Science.
Gallagher, L. M., Lagman, R., & Rybicki, L. (2018). Outcomes of Music Therapy Interventions on Symptom Management in Palliative Medicine Patients. Am.J Hosp.Palliat.Care, 35(2), 250-257. doi:10.1177/1049909117696723 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:28274132
Hoffman, A. J., Brintnall, R. A., Given, B. A., von, E. A., Jones, L. W., & Brown, J. K. (2017). Using Perceived Self-efficacy to Improve Fatigue and Fatigability In Postsurgical Lung Cancer Patients: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. Cancer Nurs., 40(1), 1-12. doi:10.1097/NCC.0000000000000378 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:27135752
Hohmann, L., Bradt, J., Stegemann, T., & Koelsch, S. (2017). Effects of music therapy and music-based interventions in the treatment of substance use disorders: A systematic review. PLoS.One., 12(11), e0187363. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0187363 [doi];PONE-D-16-44617 [pii]. Retrieved from PM:29141012
Kahloul, M., Mhamdi, S., Nakhli, M. S., Sfeyhi, A. N., Azzaza, M., Chaouch, A. et al. (2017). Effects of music therapy under general anesthesia in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Libyan.J Med, 12(1), 1260886. doi:10.1080/19932820.2017.1260886 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:28452603
Lee, Y. J., Shin, S. J., Wang, R. H., Lin, K. D., Lee, Y. L., & Wang, Y. H. (2016). Pathways of empowerment perceptions, health literacy, self-efficacy, and self-care behaviors to glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patient.Educ Couns., 99(2), 287-294. doi:S0738-3991(15)30058-6 [pii];10.1016/j.pec.2015.08.021 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:26341940
Liu, Y., & Petrini, M. A. (2015). Effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety, and vital signs in patients after thoracic surgery. Complement.Ther Med, 23(5), 714-718. doi:S0965-2299(15)00126-0 [pii];10.1016/j.ctim.2015.08.002 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:26365452
Maleki Pirbazari M, Nouri R, & Sarami G. (2012). Social support and depression symptoms: The mediating role of self-efficacy. Contemporary Psychology, 6(2), 26-34.
Reiss, S., Peterson, R. A., Gursky, D. M., & McNally, R. J. (1986). Anxiety sensitivity, anxiety frequency and the prediction of fearfulness. Behav Res Ther, 24(1), 1-8. doi:0005-7967(86)90143-9 [pii]. Retrieved from PM:3947307
Schmidt, N. B., Norr, A. M., Allan, N. P., Raines, A. M., & Capron, D. W. (2017). A randomized clinical trial targeting anxiety sensitivity for patients with suicidal ideation. J Consult.Clin.Psychol, 85(6), 596-610. doi:2017-11100-001 [pii];10.1037/ccp0000195 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:28287798
Sleath, B., Blalock, S. J., Carpenter, D. M., Sayner, R., Muir, K. W., Slota, C. et al. (2015). Ophthalmologist-patient communication, self-efficacy, and glaucoma medication adherence. Ophthalmology., 122(4), 748-754. doi:S0161-6420(14)01047-1 [pii];10.1016/j.ophtha.2014.11.001 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:25542521
Thornley, J., Hirjee, H., & Vasudev, A. (2016). Music therapy in patients with dementia and behavioral disturbance on an inpatient psychiatry unit: results from a pilot randomized controlled study. Int Psychogeriatr., 28(5), 869-871. doi:S1041610215001866 [pii];10.1017/S1041610215001866 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:26572722
Tuinmann, G., Preissler, P., Bohmer, H., Suling, A., & Bokemeyer, C. (2017). The effects of music therapy in patients with high-dose chemotherapy and stem cell support: a randomized pilot study. Psychooncology., 26(3), 377-384. doi:10.1002/pon.4142 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:27146798
Vizcaino, M., Lopera, J. E., Martinez, L., De los Reyes, I., & Linares, A. (2016). Comprehensive guide for early detection, diagnosis, treatment and monitoring of acute leukemia lymphocytic leukaemiaid children and teens. Revista Colombiana de Cancerología 20(1), 37-39. Retrieved from scieloco.
Yaman, A. Y., & Karabulut, N. (2016). The effects of music therapy in endotracheal suctioning of mechanically ventilated patients. Nurs.Crit.Care, 21(1), 44-52. doi:10.1111/nicc.12159 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:25721305.