Relationship of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Big Five Personality Factors with Impulsivity in Middle-Aged Women
Background: Mental health in the middle-age period is vulnerable due to the many biological, physical, psychological, and social changes, and the consequences of these changes. Women experience more changes and complications associated with aging in this phase of life than men. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship of early maladaptive schemas and Big Five personality factors with impulsivity.
Methods: The present study was a correlational research. The study population consisted of all middle-aged women in regions 1 and 2 of Tehran, Iran. From among them, 150 were selected through randomized cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Big Five Inventory-2 (BFI-2), Dickman's Impulsivity Inventory (DII), and the Young Schema Questionnaire-Revised (YSQ) before and after the intervention. To analyze the data, descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression) were used in SPSS software.
Results: Correlation analysis indicated that all domains of early maladaptive schema had a significant positive correlation with impulsivity (P < 0.01). Impairment limitations (Beta = 0.45; t = 33.8), self-regulation and impaired function (Beta = 0.42; t = 27.44), and disconnection and rejection (Beta = 41.0; t = 25.83) were able to predict 78% of impulse variance (R2 = 0.78; F = 7122.63; P < 0.0001).
Conclusion: The results showed that early maladaptive schemas and Big Five personality factors were significant predictors of impulsivity. Impaired limits, self-regulation and impaired performance, and disconnection and rejection were the strongest predictors of impulsivity.
- Early maladaptive schemas
- Big Five personality
- Middle-aged women
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