Frankenstein or Prometheus: An Investigation in Essentialism of Medical Technology

Danesh-e Tandorosti Institute, Isfahan, Iran


The concept that an essence independent of man's volition exists for technology, from the point of view of any thinker, has extensive effects on the whole system of his reflections on technology. Heidegger has been known to grant an independent essence for technology (essentialists). This highlights and complies with some other parts of his thoughts on technology. This belief even extends to the utmost of his philosophy of technology, where he finds the way of release from the Gestell of technology. The current paper tries to extend Heidegger’s reasons and evidences on technology to medical technology. Then, it deals with possible criticisms of these reasons and evidences. Finding the foundations of Heidegger's ideas on technology in his first classical work – “Being and Time” – is the purpose of this article.


  • Heidegger
  • Gestell
  • Philosophy of technology
  • Technological revealing
  • Technology of medicine

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