The Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Anxiety Sensitivity and Self-Efficacy in Adolescents with Leukemia in Tehran, Iran


  • Samaneh Saghaei MSc, Department of Clinical Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
  • Anahita Mostafazadeh MSc Student, Department of General Psychology, Varamin-Pishva Branch, Islamic Azad University, Varamin, Iran



Music therapy, Anxiety sensitivity, Self-efficacy, Adolescents, Leukemia


therefore, they ought to seek solutions to reduce the severity of their emotional problems. The aim of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of music therapy on anxiety sensitivity and self-efficacy in adolescents with leukemia.

Methods: The study participants consisted of 30 individuals who were selected using convenience ‎sampling method. The subjects were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups (15 in each group). A quasi-experimental and pretest-posttest design was utilized with a control group and follow-up period. The data collection instruments used included the Anxiety Sensitivity Index (ASI)‎. First, pretest was conducted in both groups. Then, the experimental group participants received the intervention in 14 sessions lasting 90 minutes, and then, posttest was performed in both groups. Moreover, one month later, the follow-up process was completed. Data analysis was performed using multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) and one-way analysis of covariance (ANCOVA).

Results: The results showed that music therapy was effective on anxiety sensitivity (P < 0.001) and self-efficacy
(P < 0.001) in adolescents with leukemia.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that music therapy can improve self-efficacy and reduce anxiety sensitivity in adolescents with leukemia and reducing anxiety sensitivity can help patients to better cope with pain, eliminate negative emotions, and become more relaxed.


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How to Cite

Saghaei, S., & Mostafazadeh, A. (2019). The Effectiveness of Music Therapy on Anxiety Sensitivity and Self-Efficacy in Adolescents with Leukemia in Tehran, Iran. International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture, 6(2), 112-117.



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