Comparison of Perfectionism and Parental Bonding between People with Eating Disorder and Healthy Individuals
Keywords:Perfectionism, Parental bonding, Eating disorder
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare perfectionism and parental bonding between people with eating disorder and healthy people.
Methods: The study sample consisted of 60 adults (30 people with eating disorder and 30 healthy people) who were selected using available sampling method. The research tools included the Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26), Perfectionism Inventory (PI; Hill et al.), and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI; Parker et al.). The collected data were analyzed in SPSS software.
Results: There was no significant relationship between positive (normal) perfectionism and eating disorder, but negative (abnormal) perfectionism had a positive and significant relationship with eating disorder. The results of this study showed that people with eating disorder perceived parental indifference and there was no significant difference in the subscale of PBI between people with eating disorder and healthy subjects.
Conclusion: Negative (abnormal) perfectionism has a significant relationship with eating disorder, so paying attention to preventing the formation and treating this variable will help reduce eating disorder. Moreover, the parenting and parenting relationship style of children and the perception of children of this bond have an effect on eating disorder, so educating parents to adopt appropriate behavioral styles as a primary prevention is desirable.