The Effects of a Culture-Based Sexual Health Training Course on Knowledge, Attitude, Performance, and Self-Efficacy of Midwives in Providing Sexual Health Services
Background: Sexual health is one of the major aspects of health that is formed under the influence of various biological, social, psychological, and cultural factors. This study was conducted with the aim to determine the effects of a culture-based sexual health training course on the knowledge, attitude, performance, and self-efficacy of midwives in providing sexual health services.
Methods: The present study was performed with a pretest-posttest design and follow-up. In total, 32 midwives were included in the online sexual health training course via the census sampling method. Accordingly, the knowledge, attitude, performance, and self-efficacy of the midwives were assessed using a researcher-made questionnaire before, immediately after, and 4 weeks after the intervention. Moreover, repeated measures ANOVA was used to determine the effects of the intervention.
Results: Comparing the results of pretest and posttest indicated that the training course significantly increased the midwives’ mean scores of knowledge (from 17.12 to 23.87), attitude (from 39.40 to 50.18), performance (from 36.18 to 46.15), and self-efficacy (from 27.31 to 39.28)..
Conclusion: This study indicated that running a culture-based training course on sexual health would be likely to improve professional capacity building in providing sexual health services. Given the importance of cultural and social issues in sexual health education, this course could play an effective role in helping midwives face and solve their clients’ problems.
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