Evaluation of Quality of Life Prediction based on Spiritual Well-Being with the Role of Self-Compassion Modifier in Patients with Cancer in Isfahan Province, Iran
Keywords:Quality of life, Self-compassion, Neoplasms
Background: Cancer is one of the most important health problems in this century. Harmful effects of this disease on all physical, emotional, spiritual, social, and economic dimensions of human beings are among the factors that have attracted the attention of experts. This study aimed to investigate the quality of life based on spiritual well-being with the moderating role of self-compassion in patients with cancer in Isfahan Province, Iran.
Methods: The research design was descriptive correlational. The study population included all patients with cancer in Isfahan Province in 2021, of which 100 were selected conveniently. To measure the variables, Raes et al. Self-Compassion Scale Short-Form, Ware et al. quality of life scale, and Dehshiri et al. Spiritual Well-Being Scale were used. Data were analyzed using path analysis with SPSS and AMOS software.
Results: Based on the analysis of the findings, it was found that there was a positive and significant correlation between self-sufficiency (r = 0.37) and spiritual well-being (r = 0.39) with quality of life (P < 0.01). Moreover, self-care and spiritual well-being were significant predictors of quality of life (P < 0.01). The predicted quality of life of participants was +0.052 (self-compassion) 0.216 + 15.295 + 0.295. The quality of life of participants increased by 0.216 for each self-compassion score and 0.052 for each spiritual well-being score.
Conclusion: It is suggested that counselors and psychologists improve the quality of life of patients with cancer by using measures for self-sufficiency and increasing spiritual well-being.
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