Frankenstein or Prometheus: An Investigation in Essentialism of Medical Technology
Keywords:Heidegger, Gestell, Philosophy of technology, Technological revealing, Technology of medicine
The concept that an essence independent of man's volition exists for technology, from the point of view of any thinker, has extensive effects on the whole system of his reflections on technology. Heidegger has been known to grant an independent essence for technology (essentialists). This highlights and complies with some other parts of his thoughts on technology. This belief even extends to the utmost of his philosophy of technology, where he finds the way of release from the Gestell of technology. The current paper tries to extend Heidegger's reasons and evidences on technology to medical technology. Then, it deals with possible criticisms of these reasons and evidences. Finding the foundations of Heidegger's ideas on technology in his first classical work "Being and Time" is the purpose of this article.
Brassington, I. (2007). On Heidegger, medicine, and the modernity of modern medical technology. Med Health Care Philos., 10(2), 185-195. doi:10.1007/s11019-006-9016-4 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:17077993
Davarri Ardakani, R. (2007). About science (2nd ed.). Tehran, Iran: Hermes.
Dreyfus, H. L., & Spinosa, C. (2014). Heidegger and Borgmann on how to affirm technology. In R.C. Scharff & V. Dusek (Eds.), Philosophy of technology: The technological condition: an anthology (pp. 350-361). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.
Dreyfus, H. L., Rabinow, P., & Foucault, M. (1983). Michel Foucault: Beyond Structuralism and Hermeneutics (2nd ed.). Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.
Feenberg, A. (2014). Philosophy of technology at the crossroads: Critique of Heidegger and Borgmann. In Scharff, R. C., & Dusek, V. (Ed): The technological condition: an anthology (2nd ed., pp. 362-374). Chichester, UK: Wiley Blackwell.
Foucault, M. (1963). The Birth of the Clinic: An archaeology of medical perception. (1st ed) London, UK: Routledge.
Foucault, M. (1973). Madness and civilization: A history of insanity in the age of reason. New York, NY: Vintage Books.
Gadamer, H. G. (1996). The enigma of health: The art of healing in a scientific age. Redwood City, CA: Stanford University Press.
Heidegger, M. (1950). The age of world picture. In J. Young & K. Haynes (Eds.), Off the beaten track. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Pres.
Heidegger, M. (1950). The origin of the work of art. In J. Young & K. Haynes (Eds.), Off the beaten track (pp. 1-50). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Heidegger, M. (1966). Discourse on thinking. New York, NY: Harper and Row.
Heidegger, M. (1971). building dwelling thinking. In A. Hofstadter (Ed.), Poetry, language, thought. New York, NY: Harper Colophon Books.
Heidegger, M. (1977). The question concerning technology. In W. Lovitt (Ed.), The question concerning technology, and Other Essays. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
Heidegger, M. (2000). Letter on Humanism. Global Religious Vision, 1(1), 83-109.
Heidegger, M. (2001). Being and time. Oxford, UK: Blackwell.
Heidegger, M. (2001). Zollikon seminars. Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press.
Marcel, G. (1965). Being and having: An existentialist diary. New York, NY: Harper & Row.
Soroush, A. (1995). Tafaroj-e San'. Tehran, Iran: Serat.
Svenaeus, F. (2001). The hermeneutics of medicine and the phenomenology of health: Steps towards a philosophy of medical practice (International Library of Ethics, Law, and the New Medicine). New York, NY: Springer.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.