The Prediction of Quality of Life based on the Mindfulness of Middle-aged Women in Tehran, Iran

Department of Psychology, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran

Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran


Background: Middle age can be the culmination of human life, provided that quality of life (QOL) and mental health are maintained and even improved in this period. The QOL in this period of life is susceptible to many biological, physical, psychological, and social changes and problems, and the consequences of these changes. The aim of this study was to predict the QOL based on the defense mechanisms of mindfulness in middle-aged women in Tehran, Iran.

Methods: This study was a descriptive-correlational research. The statistical population of this study included all middle-aged women who lived in districts 1 and 2 ‎of Tehran in 2017. A total of 148 middle-aged women were selected using convenience sampling method. Data were gathered using the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale (MASS) questionnaire and ‎36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). The collected data were analyzed using the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis in SPSS software.

Results: The mean (SD) age of the participants was 47.8 (6.2) years. The mean (SD) score of consciousness and QOL was 64.7 (13.4) and 66.9 (8.8), respectively. There was a direct and significant relationship between mindfulness and QOL (P < 0.01; r = 0.38).

Conclusion: The study showed that there was a relationship between mindfulness and QOL, meaning that the higher the mindfulness of middle-aged women, the better their QOL. It can be concluded that mindfulness is a predictor of the QOL.


  • Quality of life
  • Defense mechanisms
  • Mindfulness
  • Middle-aged

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