The Effectiveness of Self-Differentiation Training on Cognitive Emotion Regulation and Psychosomatic Symptoms of Nurses
Background: Nurses are exposed to mental and physical illnesses due to burnout and high job stress and lack of adequate adaptation resources, and ultimately, reduced mental health. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of self-differentiation training on psychosomatic symptoms and cognitive emotion regulation in nurses.
Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The study population consisted of nurses of Omid and Jamaran hospitals in Tehran, Iran. From among them, 36 nurses were selected based on Morgan's table using convenience sampling method and were randomly divided into two groups (experimental and control) of 18 individuals. The experimental group underwent 10 training sessions (once a week for 60 minutes) based on Bowen's system theory, during which time the group did not receive training. Screening for Somatic Symptom Disorders-7 (SOMS-7) questionnaire and Cognitive Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (CERQ) were administered in both groups before and after the training sessions. Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS software. The significance level of the tests was considered to be 0.05. This article is taken from a postdoctoral thesis in psychosomatic medicine and psychotherapy between Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, and Albert Ludwigs University of Freiburg, Germany. This article was approved under the ethical codex IR.MED.REC.1399.465 of the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences.
Results: The results showed that self-differentiation training was effective on psychosomatic symptoms and cognitive emotion regulation in nurses (P < 0.001).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that self-differentiation training was effective on psychosomatic symptoms and cognitive emotion regulation in nurses.
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