Comparison of the Effectiveness of Self-Care Group Training And Group-Based Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on The Quality of Life and Psychological Well-Being of Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Background: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common weakening and chronic metabolic disorders. The present study was conducted to compare the effectiveness of
self-care group training and acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on psychological well-being and quality of life (QOL) of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Methods: The present study was an applied and quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design, a control group, and follow-up. The statistical population consisted of patients with T2D referring to medical centers in Kish Island, Iran, in 2019. The sample consisted of 60 patients with T2D who were selected using convenience sampling and were divided into the self-care needs training (n = 20), ACT (n = 20), and control groups (n = 20) using simple randomization method. The groups completed the World Health Organization Quality-of-Life Scale (WHOQOL-BREF) and Ryff's Scales of Psychological Well-being (SPWB). Data were analyzed using repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA) in SPSS software.
Results: The findings showed that ACT and self-care needs training lead to improved QOL and psychological well-being of patients with T2D. The results showed that ACT has a greater efficacy than self-care needs training in improving psychological well-being and QOL in patients with T2D (P < 0.01).
Conclusion: It can be concluded that ACT has a higher impact than self-care group training on QOL and psychological well-being of patients with T2D.
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