Emotional Schema Therapy for Social Phobia in Medical Students


Vol 9, No 3: 2022
Quantitative Study(ies)
June 27, 2022
July 19, 2022


Background: Metacognitive beliefs are associated with various psychological pathologies in social anxiety disorder, thus necessitating psychological therapies in individuals with social anxiety symptoms. The current study was conducted to investigate the efficacy of group training in emotional schema therapy on metacognitive beliefs.

Methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest-posttest design and a control group. The statistical population comprised all students with social phobia who attended the University of Surabaya and Airlangga University between 2020 and 2021. Through a multistage cluster sampling strategy, 80 students were chosen at random from a statistical population of 143 individuals. For this purpose, the Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN) and 5-DSM were administered. Analysis of covariance in SPSS software was used to evaluate the intervention's effectiveness.

Results: The mean posttest score differed significantly between the intervention and control groups (F = 8.46; P < 0.05). Moreover, positive beliefs changed the most (25.7%), while the need to control thoughts changed the least (15.21%).

Conclusion: Emotional schema therapy has effectively reduced symptoms of social phobia and improved medical students' social communication abilities.

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