Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy and Neurofeedback in Anxiety and Depression of Patients with Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer Reality therapy Neurofeedback Depression


Vol 9, No(Special Issue)
Quantitative Study(ies)


Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most common cancers among men. The current study aimed to compare the effectiveness of group reality therapy and neurofeedback in the treatment of anxiety and depression in patients with PC.

Methods: The method of the present study was a quasi-experimental research with pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Out of 184 patients with PC, 60 were selected using the simple random sampling method. Three groups of reality therapy, neurofeedback, and control were formed with 20 members. The participants answered the state anxiety, trait anxiety (Spielberger, 1970), and depression (Beck, 1960) questionnaires in three pretest, posttest, and follow-up stages. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA).

Results: There was a significant difference in the mean scores of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and depression (P ≤ 0.05). In the posttest phase, the control group had higher mean scores of depression than the two groups of reality therapy and neurofeedback (P ≤ 0.05), and the effects of reality therapy were better. The mean scores of anxiety and depression among patients with PC due to treatments were from 2.39 to 4.18, which showed an improvement.

Conclusion: The two therapies used in this study, reality therapy and neurofeedback, reduced depression and anxiety in men with PC. However, the reality therapy method had better results than the neurofeedback method. Therefore, it is recommended that the method of reality therapy be used more.