Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy and Neurofeedback in Anxiety and Depression of Patients with Prostate Cancer

Authors

  • Sara Khamess Minjel
  • Dalya K. Nase
  • Juma Jabur A. Alreda
  • Azzam Farhan Shehab
  • Huda Sabah Jabr
  • Kais Khudhair ALhadrawi
  • Sara Salah Mahdi
  • Ahmed Naji Mahmood
  • Hayder A. Hammoodi
  • Doaa A. Hamad

Abstract

Background: Prostate cancer (PC) is one of the most common cancers among men. The current study aimed to compare the effectiveness of group reality therapy and neurofeedback in the treatment of anxiety and depression in patients with PC.

Methods: The method of the present study was a quasi-experimental research with pretest, posttest, and follow-up design. Out of 184 patients with PC, 60 were selected using the simple random sampling method. Three groups of reality therapy, neurofeedback, and control were formed with 20 members. The participants answered the state anxiety, trait anxiety (Spielberger, 1970), and depression (Beck, 1960) questionnaires in three pretest, posttest, and follow-up stages. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA).

Results: There was a significant difference in the mean scores of trait anxiety, state anxiety, and depression (P ≤ 0.05). In the posttest phase, the control group had higher mean scores of depression than the two groups of reality therapy and neurofeedback (P ≤ 0.05), and the effects of reality therapy were better. The mean scores of anxiety and depression among patients with PC due to treatments were from 2.39 to 4.18, which showed an improvement.

Conclusion: The two therapies used in this study, reality therapy and neurofeedback, reduced depression and anxiety in men with PC. However, the reality therapy method had better results than the neurofeedback method. Therefore, it is recommended that the method of reality therapy be used more.

References

Alghamidi, I. G., Hussain, I. I., Alghamdi, M. S., & El-Sheemy, M. A. (2014). The incidence rate of prostate cancer in Saudi Arabia: an observational descriptive epidemiological analysis of data from the Saudi Cancer Registry 2001-2008. Hematol.Oncol.Stem.Cell Ther, 7(1), 18-26. doi:S1658-3876(13)00076-9 [pii];10.1016/j.hemonc.2013.10.001 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:24239850

Alino Costa, M., Gadea, M., Hidalgo, V., Perez, V., Sanjuan, J. (2016). An effective Neurofeedback training, with cortisol correlates, in a clinical case of anxiety. Univ.Psychol., 15(5), 1-10.

Alkoby, O., Abu-Rmileh, A., Shriki, O., & Todder, D. (2018). Can we predict who will respond to neurofeedback? A review of the inefficacy problem and existing predictors for successful eeg neurofeedback learning. Neuroscience., 378, 155-164. doi:S0306-4522(16)30757-6 [pii];10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.12.050 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:28069531

Asadzadeh, A., Samad-Soltani, T., Salahzadeh, Z., & Rezaei-Hachesu, P. (2021). Effectiveness of virtual reality-based exercise therapy in rehabilitation: A scoping review. Inform Med Unlocked, 24, 100562.

Bastani, R., Glenn, B. A., Taylor, V. M., Chen, M. S., Nguyen, T. T., Stewart, S. L. et al. (2010). Integrating theory into community interventions to reduce liver cancer disparities: The Health Behavior Framework. Prev Med, 50(1-2), 63-67. doi:S0091-7435(09)00412-5 [pii];10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.08.010 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:19716379

Bhargava, R. (2013). The use of reality therapy with a depressed deaf adult. Clin Case Stud, 12(5), 388-396.

Choi, Y., Rhee, H., & Flannery, M. (2022). Health behaviors in adolescent survivors of cancer: An integrative review. J Pediatr Nurs. [In Press].

Chow, H., Hon, J., Chua, W., & Chuan, A. (2021). Effect of virtual reality therapy in reducing pain and anxiety for cancer-related medical procedures: A systematic narrative review. J Pain Symptom.Manage., 61(2), 384-394. doi:S0885-3924(20)30695-3 [pii];10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.08.016 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:32822755

Dorff, T., Shen, J., Ruel, N., Kittles, R., Lyou, Y., Dandapani, S. et al. (2022). Prostate cancer characteristics and outcomes after prostatectomy in asian-american men. Clin Genitourin.Cancer, 20(1), 92. doi:S1558-7673(21)00136-1 [pii];10.1016/j.clgc.2021.07.008 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:34344591

Garrett, B. M., Tao, G., Taverner, T., Cordingley, E., & Sun, C. (2020). Patients perceptions of virtual reality therapy in the management of chronic cancer pain. Heliyon., 6(5), e03916. doi:10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e03916 [doi];S2405-8440(20)30761-1 [pii];e03916 [pii]. Retrieved from PM:32426540

Ghosh, T., Jahan, M., & Singh, A. R. (2014). The efficacy of electroencephalogram neurofeedback training in cognition, anxiety, and depression in alcohol dependence syndrome: A case study. Ind.Psychiatry J, 23(2), 166-170. doi:10.4103/0972-6748.151705 [doi];IPJ-23-166 [pii]. Retrieved from PM:25788809

Glasser, W. (2000). Reality therapy in action. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Gruzelier, J., Egner, T., & Vernon, D. (2006). Validating the efficacy of neurofeedback for optimising performance. Prog.Brain Res, 159, 421-431. doi:S0079-6123(06)59027-2 [pii];10.1016/S0079-6123(06)59027-2 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:17071246

Henriksson, M., Wall, A., Nyberg, J., Adiels, M., Lundin, K., Bergh, Y. et al. (2022). Effects of exercise on symptoms of anxiety in primary care patients: A randomized controlled trial. J Affect.Disord, 297, 26-34. doi:S0165-0327(21)01073-9 [pii];10.1016/j.jad.2021.10.006 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:34644619

Hopstaken, J. S., Vissers, P. A. J., Quispel, R., de Vos-Geelen, J., Brosens, L. A. A., de Hingh, I. H. J. T. et al. (2022). Impact of multicentre diagnostic workup in patients with pancreatic cancer on repeated diagnostic investigations, time-to-diagnosis and time-to-treatment: A nationwide analysis. Eur J Surg Oncol.. doi:S0748-7983(22)00481-4 [pii];10.1016/j.ejso.2022.05.031 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:35701256

Huang, Q., Lin, J., Han, R., Peng, C., & Huang, A. (2022). Using Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy in Pain Management: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. Value.Health, 25(2), 288-301. doi:S1098-3015(21)01540-0 [pii];10.1016/j.jval.2021.04.1285 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:35094802

Lowe, N. K. (2000). Self-efficacy for labor and childbirth fears in nulliparous pregnant women. J Psychosom.Obstet Gynaecol., 21(4), 219-224. doi:10.3109/01674820009085591 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:11191169

Luctkar-Flude, M., Groll, D., & Tyerman, J. (2017). Using neurofeedback to manage long-term symptoms in cancer survivors: Results of a survey of neurofeedback providers. Eur J Integr Med, 12, 172-176.

Mayer, E. A., Craske, M., & Naliboff, B. D. (2001). Depression, anxiety, and the gastrointestinal system. J Clin Psychiatry, 62(Suppl 8), 28-36. Retrieved from PM:12108819

Mennella, R., Patron, E., & Palomba, D. (2017). Frontal alpha asymmetry neurofeedback for the reduction of negative affect and anxiety. Behav Res Ther, 92, 32-40. doi:S0005-7967(17)30037-2 [pii];10.1016/j.brat.2017.02.002 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:28236680

Munoz-Moldes, S., & Cleeremans, A. (2020). Delineating implicit and explicit processes in neurofeedback learning. Neurosci Biobehav.Rev., 118, 681-688. doi:S0149-7634(20)30559-5 [pii];10.1016/j.neubiorev.2020.09.003 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:32918947

Orrason, A. W., Westerberg, M., Garmo, H., Lissbrant, I. F., Robinson, D., & Stattin, P. (2020). Changes in treatment and mortality in men with locally advanced prostate cancer between 2000 and 2016: A nationwide, population-based study in Sweden. BJU.Int, 126(1), 142-151. doi:10.1111/bju.15077 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:32274889

Plym, A., Zhang, Y., Stopsack, K. H., Delcoigne, B., Wiklund, F., Haiman, C. et al. (2022). A healthy lifestyle in men at increased genetic risk for prostate cancer. Eur Urol.. doi:S0302-2838(22)02342-9 [pii];10.1016/j.eururo.2022.05.008 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:35637041

Quek, K. F., Low, W. Y., Razack, A. H., Loh, C. S., & Chua, C. B. (2004). Reliability and validity of the Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) among urological patients: A Malaysian study. Med J Malaysia., 59(2), 258-267. Retrieved from PM:15559178

Reeder, S. D. (2012). Choice theory: An investigation of the treatment effects of a choice theory protocol on students identified as having a behavioral or emotional disability on measures of anxiety, depression, locus of control and self-esteem. ProQuest Information & Learning, US), 72(8A): 2669.

Schmanke, K., Okut, H., & Ablah, E. (2021). Trends for Stage and Grade Group of Prostate Cancer in the US (2010-2016). Urology., 149, 110-116. doi:S0090-4295(20)31399-6 [pii];10.1016/j.urology.2020.11.022 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:33227304

Shafaei, H. (2022). Evaluating the Effectiveness of Neurofeedback Treatment on Depression, Anxiety, Stress and Abdominal Pain in Patients with Chronic Psychosomatic Abdominal Pains. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health Sciences, 16(2), 395-401.

Stefan-Dabson, K., Mohammadkhani, P., & Massah-Choulabi, O. (2007). Psychometrics characteristic of beck depression inventory-ii in patients with magor depressive disorder. J Rehab, 8, 80-86.

Watson, M. E., Dealy, L. A., Todorova, I. L. G., & Tekwani, S. (2014). Choice theory and reality therapy: applied by health professionals. Int J Choice Theory Reality Ther, 33 (2), 31-51.

Yang, X., & Stewart, S. M. (2020). The Beck Depression Inventory-II as a screening tool of depression in the Chinese adolescent population in Hong Kong: A validation study using the Composite International Diagnostic Interview as the gold standard. Asian J Psychiatr., 52, 102125. doi:S1876-2018(20)30236-7 [pii];10.1016/j.ajp.2020.102125 [doi]. Retrieved from PM:32388053

Downloads

Published

2022-07-26

How to Cite

Khamess Minjel, S., Nase, D. K. ., Alreda, J. J. A. ., Shehab, A. F. ., Jabr, H. S. ., ALhadrawi, K. K. ., Mahdi, S. S. ., Mahmood, A. N. ., Hammoodi, H. A. ., & Hamad, D. A. . (2022). Comparing the Effectiveness of Group Reality Therapy and Neurofeedback in Anxiety and Depression of Patients with Prostate Cancer. International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture, 9(sp). Retrieved from https://ijbmc.org/index.php/ijbmc/article/view/414

Issue

Section

Quantitative Study(ies)

Most read articles by the same author(s)