The Effectiveness of Group Logotherapy on Life Expectancy and Death Anxiety of Patients with Breast Cancer
The effectiveness of group logotherapy in patients with breast cancer
Background: Because of the occurrence of depression, anxiety, and hopelessness in patients with breast cancer (BC), the present study investigated the effectiveness of group logotherapy (LT) on life expectancy and death anxiety in women with BC.
Methods: The method of this research was quasi-experimental study with a pre-test, post-test, and control group design. The statistical population of the current research consisted of all women with BC who were referred to Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq, in 2020 for treatment after mastectomy. Out of 157 patients with BC, 40 were selected using the purposive sampling method. Two groups of LT and control were formed with 20 participants. The participants answered the Templer Death Anxiety Scale (DAS) and Miller life expectancy scale (MHS ) questionnaires in two pre-test and post-test stages. Data were analyzed using SPSS software. For data analysis, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used.
Results: The results of the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) showed that there was a significant difference between post-test of groups in life expectancy (F = 11.24, P ≤ 0.001) and death anxiety (F = 30.78, P ≤ 0.001).
Conclusion: LT effectively decreased death anxiety and raised life expectancy in women with BC. Therefore, LT as a psychological intervention can improve the quality of life of people with chronic diseases such as BC.
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