Investigation of the Effects of Cognitive Rehabilitation Training on the Memory Deficits of Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Effects of cognitive rehabilitation training on the memory deficits of ADHD
Background: In adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), problems with executive functions are common. The present research aims to investigate the effects of cognitive rehabilitation training on the memory deficits of adults with ADHD.
Methods: The current semi-experimental research utilized a pre- and post-test design and a control group. All patients between the ages of 25 and 50 referred to Alrashad Hospital for Mental Health in Baghdad, Iraq, in 2022, were included in the statistical population. The statistical sample of 64 patients was chosen using a simple random sampling method and randomly assigned into both experimental and control groups (32 people per group). Barkley Adult ADHD Rating Scale-IV (BAARS-IV) and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) were used to collect data. To perform the analysis of covariance (ANCOVA), SPSS software was utilized, and the significance level of the results was less than 0.05.
Results: Cognitive rehabilitation training was effective in improving auditory memory (F = 7.76, P < 0.001), visual memory (F = 5.17, P < 0.001), visual working memory (F = 11.36, P < 0.001), immediate memory (F = 9.28, P < 0.001), and delayed memory (F = 7.12, P < 0.001).
Conclusion: Cognitive rehabilitation training improves the memory deficits of adults with ADHD. Thus, psychologists can utilize cognitive rehabilitation training in conjunction with other treatment methods to enhance the memory of adults with ADHD.
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