The Prevalence of Anxiety and its Associated Factors among Medical Interns during the COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran


  • Niloufar Salehi Endocrine Research Center, Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyedeh Melika Fanaei Student Research Committee AND Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Seyedayin Hosseini Student Research Committee AND Department of Community Medicne, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • Maryam Mohseny Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran


Anxiety, Coronavirus, Mental Health, Psychology, Students


Background: Since the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic outbreak, medical personnel have undergone a considerable amount of physical and mental pressure. Medical interns (MIs) are a distinct population of healthcare workers. In Iran, MIs refers to senior medical students who are undergoing their clinical training.

Aim: We aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety due to COVID-19 among MIs and identify personal factors associated with anxiety.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out during April 18th to 24th, 2021. An online questionnaire containing a demographic characteristics questionnaire and the Corona Disease Anxiety Scale (CDAS) was sent to all of the 679 MIs of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Iran, through WhatsApp© messenger and 420 individuals (62% response rate) were enrolled in the study voluntarily. Independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey’s HSD post hoc test were conducted using SPSS software to identify the predictive factors for anxiety.

Results: The results showed that 70.2% of the participants had no or mild anxiety, 25% had moderate, and 4.8% had severe anxiety. The most significant factors associated with anxiety were female gender (p < 0.001) and living with parents (P < 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between single and married groups (P = 0.42).

Conclusion: It is suggested that medical universities and the government collaborate to provide an adequate psychological service for MIs, focusing on female interns who are living with their family members.


Author Biography

Maryam Mohseny, Department of Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran



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How to Cite

Salehi, N., Fanaei, S. M. ., Hosseini, S. ., & Mohseny, M. (2022). The Prevalence of Anxiety and its Associated Factors among Medical Interns during the COVID-19 Outbreak in Iran. International Journal of Body, Mind and Culture, 9(4). Retrieved from



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