The Efficacy of Positive Psychology on Hope, Self-Compassion, and Post-Traumatic Growth in Women with Breast Cancer

Breast cancer Positive psychology Hope Self-compassion Post-traumatic growth


  • Sura Hasan Al-Zubaidi
    Department of Anesthesia Techniques, Al-Mustaqbal University College, Babylon, Iraq, Iraq
  • Ameer Haider Jawad Department of Medical Laboratory Technology, College of Medical Technology, The Islamic University, Najaf, Iraq, Iraq
  • Albab Fawwaz Alfarras Department of Medical Laboratory Techniques, College of Medical Technology, Al-Farahidi University, Baghdad, Iraq, Iraq
  • Mohammed Kadhim Obaid College of Islamic Science, Ahl Al Bayt University, Karbala, Iraq, Iraq
  • Mohannd Abdalkareem Allamy Department of Nursing, Al-Zahrawi University College, Karbala, Iraq, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Vol 9, No 3: 2022
Quantitative Study(ies)
July 12, 2022
July 19, 2022


Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women and can cause various psychological issues for those with it. The current study aimed to determine the efficacy of positive psychology in improving hope, self-compassion, and post-traumatic growth in patients with breast cancer.

Methods: The current study used a quasi-experimental research with a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up design. The statistical population included 483 women with breast cancer diagnosis referred to King Abdullah Medical City Hospital in Makkah Region, Saudi Arabia, in 2021. One hundred patients were chosen using a simple random sampling method and assigned to intervention and control groups (50 people in each group). Members of the intervention group received positive psychology training. At various stages of the test, Snyder Hope Scale (1996), Neff Self-Compassion Scale (2003), and Tedeschi and Calhoun Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory (1996) were used. The data were analyzed using the mixed analysis of variance (ANOVA) test in SPSS software.

Results: Positive psychology-based intervention effectively improved hope (F = 17.94, P = 0.002), self-compassion (F = 10.41, P = 0.003), and post-traumatic growth (F = 35.23, P = 0.001) in women with breast cancer.

Conclusion: Positive psychology provides patients with breast cancer with a compassionate and hopeful understanding of the disturbances affecting their quality of life, allowing them to consciously accept their feelings and thoughts.

Most read articles by the same author(s)